Welcome to Peradeniya Botanical Garden, Sri Lanka
The Peradeniya Botanical Garden is one of the spectacular gardens, locates about 5.5 km to the west of Kandy in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. It is the oldest formal garden in Sri Lanka and the best botanical garden in Asia. In addition, the Peradeniya Botanical Garden was listed in the “10 great botanical gardens around the world” Peradeniya botanic Gardens is a paradise for approximately 2 million local and foreign visitors annually.
This royal garden is the best example of a collection of tropical woody plants. You can see that there are more than 4000 species of plants, including medicinal plants, flowers, orchids, spices, gymnosperms, and palm trees. It is better to call as Peradeniya Botanical Garden is the National Herbarium of Sri Lanka. The Peradeniya Botanical Garden tightly bounds on three sides by a loop of River Mahaweli. It encompasses 147 acres. It locates at 460m above sea level.
Peradeniya garden is a perfect place to visit with your loved ones during your Sri Lankan tour. It will make relaxation for your busy mind. The calming green environment, the beauty of Peradeniya botanical garden, and the soothing climate of the region will make feel marvelous experience.
Peradeniya Botanical Garden History
Peradeniya Botanical Garden has a colorful history. Its history dates back to the 14th century when Royalty ruled the central highlands of Sri Lanka. In 1371, this place was the court of King Wickramabahu III. Later, in the King Kirti Sri period (1747-1780), the garden has nominated as a Royal Garden.
King Rajadhi Rajasinghe (1780— 1798) resided therein. He has built a temporary residence in this garden. Also, King Wimala Dharma has built a vihara and dagaba in this area. King Rajadhi Rajasinghe improved it, and the British destroyed it. It was a Royal Gardens from 1780 – 1798.
Peradeniya botanical garden was established in 1821 by Alexander Moon. Initially, they used this garden only for coffee and cinnamon plantations. Also, The Allied Forces used Peradeniya Botanical Garden as the Southeast Asian Headquarters during the Second World War. In 1843, the Peradeniya Botanical Garden started, with the plants brought from Kew Garden in London, Slave Island, Colombo, and the Kalutara Garden in Kalutara. Then it became more popular in Sri Lanka. Since 1912, the Department of Agriculture has the administration power of the Peradeniya botanical garden.
Peradeniya Botanical Garden Map
The following map will guide you in Peradeniya botanical garden. You can come and explore the spectacular plant life of Sri Lanka.
- Main entrance
- Double Coconut
- Ebony Collection
- Palm Collection
- Cycad Collection
- Students’ Garden
- Bamboo Collection
- Medicinal Garden
- Giant Bamboo
- Rock Border
- Gardner’s Memorial
- Java Fig Tree
- Cook’s Pine Avenue
- National Herbarium
- Ficus Collection
- Suspension Bridge
- Royal Palm Avenue
- Memorial Trees
- Education Centre
- Flower Garden
- Palmyra Palm Avenue
- Cabbage Palm Avenue
- Plant Sales Centre
- Administration Building
- Cactus House
- Plant House
- Orchid House
- Spice Garden
Beauty of Peradeniya Botanical Garden
Peradeniya Botanical Garden wrapped in spectacular natural beauty. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Hill Country due to its natural beauty. It is enclosed on three sides by a large bend in the Mahaweli River. I have no words to express the beauty of Peradeniya Garden. So, I think the Royal Botanical Garden is a must-visit destination in Sri Lanka.
The flowering at Peradeniya Garden is during the three seasons as April to June, August to September, and December.
The Peradeniya botanical garden is home to a large and diverse variety of plants. The garden looks like a horseshoe’s shape. There are avenues. Some of them are Double Coconut Avenue, Cook’s Pine Avenue, Palmyra Palm Avenue, Royal Palm Avenue, Cabbage Palm Avenue. Also, the classical Avenue of Palms locates in this garden.
There are so many attractions at Peradeniya botanical garden. One of them is the giant Javan fig tree on the great lawn. It is covering 2500 sq meters. It looks like a giant. Other attractions are the great lawn, Palm avenues, spice gardens, plant house and Cacti display, lake, and flowering trees.
Peradeniya Botanical Garden Orchid House and Orchid Garden
The orchids in the Peradeniya Garden easily steal the hearts of all visitors because of their exquisite colors. You can see that there are more than 300 varieties of beautiful Orchids blooming in profusion. The small and neat orchid house exhibits some of the best orchid species such as Vanda, Arachnis, Oncidium, Phalaenopsis, Cattleya, Dendrobium, and hybrids.
The entrance of the orchid house has decorated with beds of red Salvia coccinea and scarlet poinsettias. Also, you can see the fine evergreen trees have used to create the main Broad Walk. The orchid house sees as a paradise with several hardy tropical orchids like Grammatophyllum speciosum (the world’s massive orchid). If you are an orchid lover, this place is an ideal place to enjoy with your choice.
Plant House has created near the Orchid House. You can see that there are various greenhouse plants in this plant house, such as Ferns, Begonias, African violets, Episcia, Dieffenbachia, Calathea, Philodendron, Bromelia, and Anthurium.
You can see a collection of cacti xerophytic plants exhibit in the nearby Cactus House. They include aloes, agaves, Opuntia, Cereus, Rebutia, Rhipsalis, etc.
You can see the Fernery, which is adjoining the Flower Garden. It is well-shaped and beautifully arranged on intersecting paths. There are about 100 indigenous and exotic species of fern collection in the Peradeniya botanical garden.
Double Coconut Palms
The Double Coconut (Lodoicea maldivica) from Seychelles is the most remarkable palm amongst the palm collection. You will see these Double Coconut palms at about 100 m from the Main Entrance.
The Palm Collection
The Palm collection in Peradeniya Garden is the best in Asia. There are over about 220 species of palms in the Gardens.
There are three magnificent palm avenues. You can see the graceful Cabbage Palm Avenue (Roystonia oleracea) on River Drive. You can see that the palms in this avenue are over 21 m in height. The Palmyrah Palm Avenue (Borassus flabellifer) joins the Flower Garden with River Drive. Also, the Royal Palm Avenue along the Main Central Drive (Roystonia Regia).
You can see the bamboo collection along the river drive. It is right on the Lake. Peradeniya botanical garden is a home for the giant bamboo of Burma (Dendrocalamus giganteus) (the largest bamboo known in the world). You will see the stems attain a height of 30-40m and up to 20-25 cm in diameter.
Also, there is a collection of the yellow building bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris), the prickly bamboo (Bambusa Spinosa), the feather–left bamboo (Dendrocalamus membranaceous), and the Dwarf Chinese bamboo.
The shady Spice Garden situates on the right of the Main Entrance. You can see cinnamon (the main spice exported from Sri Lanka), pepper, cardamom, cloves, and nutmeg. Also, some of the oldest nutmeg trees planted in 1840 are still in Peradeniya botanical garden. In addition to that, there is a bay leaf (Pimenta racemosa) and allspice (Pimenta dioica) trees.
You will find the Flower Garden, near the Orchid House. You can see the flower beds with annuals and perennials flowerings in the flower garden. The ribbon border of showy coleus varieties is the Most striking feature of this garden. The ribbon border of showy coleus shows a path into an octagonal conservatory. Here you may find a collection of shade-loving plants.
There are so many spectacular flowering trees is the most spectacular of the Peradeniya botanical garden. The blooming is at various times of the year. You can see the peak blooming during the first half of the year.
Historically Prominent Trees
Peradeniya royal garden is one of the best places for exploring various kinds of plants. We have listed some of the historically prominent plants which you can see at Peradeniya Botanical Garden.
- Ceylon Ironwood tree – planted by Nicholas II in 1894
- Amherstia – planted by Prince Albert of Belgium
- Historical Cannonball Tree – planted by King George V and Queen Mary of the United Kingdom in 1901
- BaikeaInsignis – planted by Syedna Taher Saifuddin (the High Pontiff of the Muslim Dawoodi Bohra Community) in 1941
- Camphor Tree – planted by– Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranayake (First female prime minister of Sri Lanka) in 1972
- Yellow Trumpet tree – planted by Crown Prince Akihito of Japan and his Crown Princess in 1981
- Sorrowless tree – planted by Queen Elizabeth in 1981
A great lawn is a perfect place for relaxing. It is close to Monument Road. You can see the Java Willow or Java Fig Tree (Ficus Benjamina) in the middle of the lawn. It is like a giant living umbrella.
There is a beautiful lake situates to the left of the Main Entrance of the Peradeniya botanical garden. You can see the marsh plants at the margin of the lake. The center of the lake covers with different Nymphaea plants.
Peradeniya Botanical Garden Bridge
You can see beautiful views of the river. The entrance of the bridge is at Peradeniya Garden. But make sure five people get up to the bridge at one time.
There are several summer huts in the Peradeniya botanical garden. It will help to take rest for you during your park journey.
Peradeniya Botanical Garden Open Time
- Monday to Saturday – 08:00 am – 05:30 pm
- Sunday – 08:15 am – 05:30 pm
Peradeniya Botanical Garden Ticket Price
You have to buy a ticket to enter this place. The charges will be updated from time to time.
Peradeniya Botanical Garden Ticket Price for Sri Lankans
- Ticket Price: 110 LKR
Peradeniya Botanical Garden Ticket Price for Overseas Tourist
- Adult & child (elder than 12) 2000 LKR
- Child (younger than 12) 1000 LKR
- School & University Student (Must have proof) 1200 LKR
How to Reach Peradeniya Botanical Garden
The Peradeniya Botanical Garden locates about 5 km from Kandy and 110km from Colombo.
- You can get into the bus (bus route 644) from Kandy’s clock tower bus stop and get down at Galaha junction. You can easily find the Peradeniya Botanical Garden on your right side.
- If not, you can hire a three-wheeler or a van.
- According to your preference, you can catch the train also.
Peradeniya Royal Botanical Garden Travel Tips
- According to my experience, the best time to visit Peradeniya Botanical Gardens is 10:00 am – 05:00 pm.
- The cafeteria provides western and Sri Lankan foods. Cafe & Restaurant Open 10:00 AM -5:00 PM.
- You can bring your lunch also. There are a lot of huts. But make sure to keep clean while disposing of garbage to the suitable garbage bin.
- The Peradeniya botanical garden is a great picnic spot. Do not forget to bring a hat, water bottle, and cameras.
- Plucking flowers and uprooting the plants are prohibited. If you want to buy plants, there is a shop available.
- The garden rules are strict. It is better to abide by them to protect the garden.
- ATM is available in front of the Peradeniya botanical garden.
- The Rickshaws and or buggy carts are available. You can go around the park.
- Also, they will offer specialist botanical guides to go with you during your garden visit. You will gather valuable knowledge about flora and fauna.
- Toilet facilities are there.
- You can fill your water bottles with pure water. The drinking water facility is in the garden.
- A visit usually takes three to four hours.
Peradeniya Botanical Garden, Peradeniya Rd, Kandy, Sri Lanka
+94 81 2388088, +9481 2388238, +9481 2388307
Top Attractions closed to Peradeniya Botanical Garden
Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic
During your Peradeniya botanical garden journey, you can visit the World Heritage Site called the temple of the tooth. It situates about 6.5 km away from Peradeniya botanical garden Kandy district, Sri Lanka.
National Museum of Kandy
The National Museum of Kandy is a collection of Kandian-era artifacts. It locates next to the Temple of the Tooth. You can see that there are over 5,000 artifacts consist of weapons, jewelry, tools, and other artifacts from the Kandyan era.
Kandy Lake, also known as Kiri Muhuda or the Sea of Milk, is an artificial lake next to the Temple of the Tooth. There is a boat service available here. You can take a cooling experience.
Sri Lankathilake Rajamaha Viharaya
Lankatilaka Vihara is a historical Buddhist temple situated in Udunuwara of Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is located on Daulagala road and approximately 14 km away from Peradeniya botanical garden. You can have a chance to get a clear understanding of the most magnificent architectural edifice with artwork & statues created during the Gampola era.
Udawatta Kele Sanctuary / Udawattakele Forest Reserve
Udawatta Kele Sanctuary is a perfect place for hiking and viewing wildlife, located nearly 8 km away from Peradeniya botanical garden, Sri Lanka.
If you are a mountain hiker, the Hanthana Mountain range is a favorite destination for hiking. It situates around 12 km away from Peradeniya botanical garden. You can see that there are seven peaks consist in the mountain range.
Embekke Devalaya is a sacred site with intricate wood carvings. You can drive about 12km from Peradeniya botanical garden to reach there.
Ambuluwawa Biodiversity Complex
Ambuluwawa Biodiversity Complex is a hilltop sanctuary. You can see a tower combining architecture styles of multi-religious. It situates 23 km away from Peradeniya botanical garden.
Steep stairs lead you to this hilltop place. You can see a Buddha statue here.
Kandy View Point
Kandy View Point is a place to capture the picturesque view of the Kandy city, situates Rajapihilla Mawatha, Kandy.